"She is unwittingly ending a tradition she is not supposed to end. She's ending the tradition not by her choice but by the call of our ever changing society."

She is a woman who lives in a village located on a mountaintop. She is a living frontier that is setting a border of distinction between two different dimensions of culture - of the past and of the present. She's a legend, an artist, and an empowered woman. She's an icon, an international personality and a celebrity on her own way. She is Fang-Od and her name itself is an authority; serving as the only hope of saving an endangered tradition on the path to extinction.

Piercing the flesh of a tradition

Reaching Fang-Od's location | Visiting Fang-Od requires passion and dedication. If you are not interested about her and the culture she represents, you will likely not enjoy the journey; and for the journey, it requires determination.

Her village is too remote and based on my experience, it is the remote villages that offered me purer cultural experiences. In the place where she lives, I experienced the same. The overt culture that manifests in their skin, clothes, industries and dialect is like an escape from reality. Buscalan is relatively isolated from the modern world. 2-3 hours of hiking is required to reach the village.

When I embarked to a solo hiking to reach her, my body is telling me to stop, because physically I am getting weak, but my spirit is telling me I can do it. It is where I sourced out that energy required to continue (I hope you have read the Part 1 and Part 2 of this series where I narrated how I reached Buscalan Village).

My first ever portrait of Fang-Od

First time encounter | The fog starts to appear as I reach the top of the mountain. I was welcomed with rice fields in the heavens and native highland pigs freely roaming around the community. I saw amazing people constantly smiling before me that I can not even afford to blink my eye.

I really didn't know where is the house of this great woman but as I continued to hike up to the village, I saw a crowd. The most notable amidst the crowd was the woman who is handling a piece of stick piercing the skin of a lady in early 20s in rhythmic motion. The sound produced by the execution of her tattooing method was also a music to my ears. She is faced against me and I knew she is the woman I am looking for.

This lady from Benguet is getting inked by the legend.

You know, seeing her (even her back alone) was a soulful experience that I have to consider her sacred that time. I can't find any word to describe that feeling. I stopped from where I was standing. It was still fresh in my memory that she was at the right side of me few meters way. I finally found her after all I have been through!

Someone approached me and I was sure he already knew the reason why I am here. He let me get close to the house of Fang-Od (or Whang-Od). I placed my backpack on the ground and the man asked me if I am getting a tattoo. That time, I wasn't still sure what to answer.

When Fang-Od has finished the tattooing session, she paused for a break and then came to me and welcomed me with a cup of brewed Kalinga coffee.

Kalinga Brewed Coffee

An embrace and a cup of coffee | I met her face to face. I can notice in her that she is tired, but enthusiastic. You know, she usually starts the tattooing early in the morning until late in the afternoon. She is around 93 years old now as of this writing. She doesn't use eyeglasses. She has that eye of a tiger. Those who wanted to be inked by her should wait for their turn. It is a first come first serve basis. The waiting could be up to 1-3 days. If you are lucky and it so happened that you are the only visitor during your visit, then you could get a tattoo within the day, depending on the circumstances.

I have to embrace her the moment I had the chance to meet her face to face. I wasn't even sure how they treat an embrace in their culture but my mind was already clouded with the desire to touch and feel the presence of an icon that appears like a saint in my perspective.

I followed her to the kitchen. She grabbed the vacuum flask, opened it and poured out an aromatic brewed coffee into a cup. I watched her every movement. I was like a paparazzo. She gave me the cup of coffee and that was a momentous event in my life. It was an honor that a person I extremely admire is offering me something. That was the best coffee I have ever tasted!

The face of a legend

Who is Fang-Od? | Ok, I have written a lot of my experiences with her above and I think I have to introduce her this time for those who do not know her yet.

Fang-Od is a tribal tattoo artist living in a once-sleepy-mountaintop-village of Buscalan under the jurisdiction of the town of #TINGLAYAN


FAST FACTS: This town located at the southern part of Kalinga province gained attention upon the rediscovery of the last authentic "mambabatok" (traditional tattoo artist) whose works are linked to headhunting and beauty based on the perspective of their culture.

Photo: Bugnay Village in Tinglayan
in the province of KALINGA


FAST FACTS: Kalinga is believed to be the home of the last headhunters of the Cordilleras.

Photo: Bugnay Village @ Tinglayan, Kalinga
. She is considered to be the last tribal tattoo artist of the Philippine Cordilleras, a region occupied by different tribes with substantially similar culture and traditions although they are divided into subgroups based on their dialects, distinct beliefs and location.

Fang-Od rose to fame due to her appearance on national television, magazines, blogs, video documentaries and other types of medium both locally and internationally. In fact, she is a tourist attraction herself and has brought that huge number of visitors to their village that has influenced and changed the way of living of the community she represents. Some people have become self-employed because of her. Some ordinary houses have become accommodations for tourists and backpackers.

Precious smile

That is, being the last living authentic tribal tattoo artist of the region, it caught the attention of backpackers, travelers and even ordinary people fascinated with this kind of story. She is the last saving grace for the tattooing culture of their tribe to still exist. After she dies, the tradition of tattooing will be extinguished.

Interested parties got crazy to get a tattoo from her bringing a huge number of visitors to their remote village. Some foreign nationals even fly to the Philippines only just to get a tattoo from her.

The method of tattooing is called by them as "batok" and she is also referred to as the "Last Mambabatok." Batok is the root word, it could either be a verb (to put a tattoo) or a noun (the art itself as a product of tattooing). Mambabatok can be translated as "the person who performs the art of batok."

Because of this very unique story (of being the last), she has been featured by Kara David of i-Witness, a documentary show in the Philippines, by the Discover Channel, the National Geographic and to numerous print media all over the world.

The method of tattooing | The method employed by Fang-Od is still the original method practiced by her ancestors centuries ago.

She uses the traditional materials: a piece of stick used to attach the thorn of a citrus plant (the thorn serves as a needle), another piece of stick, this time is bulkier, used to cause the other stick with thorn to pierce the skin and a charcoal or the black carbon deposits accumulated on her cooking pot as a result of burning firewood to cook.

Fang-Od's ink is a mixture of water and carbon by-product of combustion

Fang-Od, about to draw the outline

From those materials, she starts by drawing an outline to the skin that serves as her guide in consummating a more detailed and intricate design.

I really don't know how she creates those intricate designs because while she performs the tattooing, the skin is oozing with blood which hereby makes ordinary observer to think how she draws a pattern to a skin covered with blood. After a couple of strokes to the skin covered with blood, she wipes it with a cloth and viola! The design is already there, out of the blue! She is amazingly amazing!

In danger of extinction | The people of the modern-day Kalinga have stopped getting these tattoos because the mindset of beauty has changed. In fact, during those times when tattooing is still a common practice, tattoo for women means beauty.

Nowadays, extensive tattoos for women look untidy, in a sense, and employers mainly look for applicants who look clean. This is just one of the reasons why the younger generations no longer want to conform with the old tradition; they want to get a job, hence, Fang-Od is setting the borderline of two different dimensions of culture. She is unwittingly ending a tradition she is not supposed to end. She's ending the tradition not by her choice but by the call of our ever changing society.

Photo Slider: Hover on photo to unlock the caption

Fang-Od (Whang-Od): The Last Tribal Tattoo Artist of KalingaFang-Od (Whang-Od): The Last Tribal Tattoo Artist of KalingaFang-Od (Whang-Od): The Last Tribal Tattoo Artist of KalingaFang-Od (Whang-Od): The Last Tribal Tattoo Artist of KalingaFang-Od (Whang-Od): The Last Tribal Tattoo Artist of KalingaFang-Od (Whang-Od): The Last Tribal Tattoo Artist of Kalinga

Transferring the skill | Fang-Od, however, has trained her niece, Grace (update: actually, Grace is her grandniece, the daughter of one of her nieces). She has no child because she never married. Although her grand niece is interested in that art, her reason is actually to earn money from tattooing like her grandaunt. Her grandaunt Fang-Od has turned to be the wealthiest woman in her village because of the influx of tourists that pay her at least 500 up to 3000 pesos (or more) per tattoo, depending upon the size of the tattoo, on a daily basis. Apparently, foreigners pay a higher amount compared to Filipino tourists.

If the skill transfer to her grandniece is to be considered a way to preserve the tradition, I would say it does not really preserve the tradition because the reason why her grandniece is doing the art is not to conform with the mandates of their culture, but to harness the lucrative market of tourists that visit their village to get a tribal tattoo. The motivation is basically not emanating from their cultural heritage and practices but by extrinsic factors not related to their culture at all. So I disagree with some claims that her grandniece is going to preserve the substantial principles of the tradition of tattooing. Fang-Od is definitely the last 'authentic' tribal tattoo artist and the last living person in this region to have really done a tattoo by reason of their culture (although she is doing it now for tourists).

By the way, this village speaks their own dialect and the people here call themselves the Butbut Tribe.

How to Visit Fang-Od? |  1. The first step in reaching Fang-Od is to reach #BONTOC


FAST FACTS: The capital town of Mountain Province, #Bontoc hosts majestic ancestral rice terraces, a prehistoric village, burial caves and the melting pot of culture in the province. / Photo: Palali Rice Terraces @ Alab Oriente, Bontoc
first. Below are some ways on how to reach Bontoc from different locations.

(a) FROM METRO MANILA: Ride on Cable Tours (Bus) which has a terminal along E. Rodriquez Avenue in Quezon City near St. Luke's Hospital. They have daily trips to Bontoc at around 12 noon.

(b) FROM BAGUIO CITY: Go to Dangwa Terminal and ride to any vehicle of your preference that goes to Bontoc, be sure to be there early because trips to Bontoc usually start very early.

(c) FROM ILOCOS (LAOAG/VIGAN) or LA UNION via CERVANTES: Drop off at Bitalag Junction in TAGUDIN.  Be sure to be in Bitalag Junction on or before 7 AM. If you are from Laoag, ride to a Manila-bound bus and be sure to get a ride from there as early as 3 am. You will reach Bitalag by 7 am. If you are from Vigan, you must already be on a bus by 5 AM, or earlier so that you can catch the earliest trip to Cervantes by 7 AM.

Once in Bitalag Junction, ride on a van bound to Cervantes. Once in Cervantes, ride on a van bound to Abatan, Bauko (mention Bauko because there is another Abatan in Buguias). From Abatan, ride on a van to Bontoc. You'll be there by lunchtime. If you don't know the location of van terminals, just ask the locals.

2. After reaching Bontoc, you have to stay there overnight. Wake up early the next day and go to the terminal of mini-buses bound for Kalinga. You can ask the locals for that. It is near the Mt. Province State College. Be sure to be there by 5 am. Tell the driver to drop you to BUGNAY

[TINGLAYAN] Bugnay Rice Terraces and that Lucky Village in Kalinga

TEASER: "The Kalinga prima facie evidence in terms of beauty should not be a subject for debate because if I were to be the judge, the evidence is too strong to put the case to rest."

3. From Bugnay, you can ask the locals there where to get a motorbike ride. Some motorbikes can be hired to get you to the jump-off point for Buscalan (road dead end). From the dead end, hike to Buscalan.

If there is no motorbike available, just ask the locals of BUGNAY where is the trail going to Buscalan. There is only 1 distinct trail there. Follow the distinct trail and the terminus of this trail is the Buscalan Village. You might have to hike for 2-4 hours depending on you pace. Enjoy and Good Luck!

With Fang-Od and my sun-burned face

More than Fang-Od | When I learned that she is already very old at 94-95 years old (that time, April 2013), I worried that she may be gone too soon so I rushed to plan this trip with the determination that I will still see her alive.

When I met her, she was as healthy as a young lady. She has no complain of joint pain. She has this good eyesight and can still hike around the village (her village is naturally a hiking ground due to its physical terrain). So I surmise, she can still live long. Long life is very common in this village engaged in organic farming.

But it doesn't stop there, there are more stories to share in this village. Buscalan is a cultural package and Fang-Od is just a part of this package. There are other things we need to know more about Buscalan. I have more experiences here, more than Fang-Od. /to be continued...


[TINGLAYAN] The Day I Hike Solo to Buscalan, Kalinga - Part 1/2

TEASER: "I am soliloquizing under the scorching strike of the sun that is adding more agony to my weary self. I hope I am not yet lost. But if ever I'm lost, at least I'm lost in a paradise."
| 2

[TINGLAYAN] The Day I Hiked Solo to Buscalan, Kalinga - Part 2/2

TEASER: "So I thought the hike is over, but as I took a turn on that road, I saw the other side of the mountain and it doesn't look like I am getting any closer. It goes farther, and farther..."
| 3 | 4

[TINGLAYAN] 17 Great Memories + First Time Encounters in Buscalan, Kalinga

TEASER: "Buscalan rose to fame because of Fang-od. But Buscalan is more than Fang-od. It is more than the tribal tattoo."
| 5

[TINGLAYAN] Chewed, Swallowed Frogs in Buscalan, Kalinga

TEASER: "We talked with joy behind the darkness. That dinner unleashed the real us. The candlelight was a silent witness of our fears, happiness and life's perspectives."
| 6

[TINGLAYAN] There was No Sunrise in Buscalan, Kalinga

TEASER: "So the sun didn't shine that morning. However, I was able to understand the other side of the story."
| 7

[TINGLAYAN] Buscalan Rice Terraces Kissed the Clouds

TEASER: "This is my story about the Buscalan Rice Terraces. At first there is a foreplay with the clouds but it always ends up with a satisfactory finish."
| 8

[TINGLAYAN] Blacksmith Kingdom of Kalinga: Turning Stones into Fire

TEASER: "If there is no concept of poverty, there shall be no poverty. But poverty has been introduced by greedy kingdoms while the little kingdom dwellers of the mountains recognized its presence."

Tinglayan #TownExploration Series

Map showing the Location of #Tinglayan



[BONTOC] ► Of Old Age and Traveling: Meeting an 81-year-old Solo Backpacker

TEASER ▬ This moment made me arrive to the realization that... the possibility of traveling solo around the world in old age is not a theory.

[BONTOC] ► The Last Generation of Overt Igorots in the Cordilleras

TEASER ▬ Each second counts, and each second that has passed means losing another second of their generation.

[BONTOC] ► Finding Shelter in Alab's Mt. Data: Happy Memories with Strangers

TEASER ▬ By time, I may forget them, so, I have to write a story about that experience that I may still remember those precious memories...

[BONTOC] ► Cultural Experience with the Ammutan/Muyadan Tribe of Manabo

TEASER ▬ There was a language barrier but the mere fact that I am witnessing a portion of their culture has made me think that...

[VIGAN] ► Meeting the Oldest Palaspas Weaver for Palm Sunday at 74 years old

TEASER ▬ All I can see on the face of Lola Conchita is the sincerity in her craft—that she loves it so much in spite of her age.

[BANTAY] ► The Trike Toploader Kids of Sallacong

TEASER ▬ I was following their way and even the sunset would signal that they have to take a rest for now, the sunrise will again come tomorrow giving them new strength, new hope...

[DAGUPAN] ► The Beki Faith Healer at A.B. Fernandez Avenue

TEASER ▬ His goal now is to instill acceptance. On how he will receive acceptance in this society with set of rules and standards depends on the fruit of his actions.

[TINGLAYAN] ► Kin-ay: the First Kalinga Tattooed Woman I Met

TEASER ▬ A person came close. He gently grabbed Kin-ay's arm and showed me her name. Wow! That was a lovely way of telling her name!



Born and Raised in Vigan, Philippines. Hardcore Ilocano-Cordilleran. Professional Nurse on Weekdays. Coffee Addict. Travel Blogger in Between. For collaboration or partnership, email your business proposal at admin@edmaration.com.

Post A Comment:


  1. Yan din ang inaasam-asam kong mapuntahan. I have been asking my sisters to go there because they are the ones who loves tattoo on their skins but they have hard time scheduling themselves. I also been asking my friends from Kalinga but i think i will also go on my own, kasi mukhang pag naghintay pa ako, walang mangyayari hehehe. Nice adventure you got there!

  2. ian gomez | You can do the solitary type bro! Just go and I swear it will be as memorable as first kiss :)

  3. Soo proud of you edmar,,,.hbang bnbasa ko 2,, nppaisip ako,, ang layo n ng nrrting mk at ang galing mo n tlga,,, mgling k nun nung studyante tau pro mas mgling k p ngaun,,,.GBu,, keep up d good work

  4. jenny | Jenny, Thanks ha my friend for such support. Let's meet-up din next time. Matagal na tayong hindi nag-bonding :) Salamat, I really miss the memories of our freshy days with Ma'am Ramirez !

  5. Hi Ed, thank you so much for receiving me in Vigan. I remember we talked about Fang-Od over warek-warek. I will certainly visit her in Buscalan.

  6. Potpot Pinili | Glad to see you here Potpot! Well, my pleasure eating with you all the time here in Vigan! Go visit Buscalan before Fang-od disappears! :)

  7. joiner here, those who have plan in going to Buscalan. thanks

  8. ujin | Hey there! Wishing we could plan a group travel 'no? I would also love to be back again! :)

  9. @edmar planning to go there this April 29, hopefully matattoo-an na ni Apo Fang-Od :)

  10. ujin | Yay! How I wish I can go back again real soon. If you don't mind, can you send me an email? [edmaration@gmail.com] I 'might' tag along with you and get a tattoo. The last time I went there, there was a long queue. I had limited time so I was not inked :)

  11. hi edmar.. tara punta tayo bukas. #agadagad

  12. Ian Limbonis | Ngek! Superman ang peg! #teleportation hehe


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